Root causes of partition of India | know the real reasons for partition of India
The partition of India was the great accident of history. All this was the result of the ancient policy of the British ‘divide and state taxes’ and the communal thinking of the Muslim League. Many Indians blame Nehru-Gandhi and the Congress as the main reason for the partition. ‘Fundamental Causes of Partition of India, Know the real reasons for the Partition of India’ Was it really only Congress or Gandhi-Nehru responsible for the partition of India? Through this blog, we will study the realities that were actually responsible for the partition of India, we will also get rid of those misconceptions from which we make one sided perception.
At present, many people will be found saying that the partition of India could have been avoided if the Congress and its main leaders Gandhi and Nehru had shown enough intelligence and courage. On the contrary, the people of Pakistan fully justify this partition and call it inevitable. “According to Pandit Nehru, the reason for the communalism of the Muslims was the delay in the emergence of the middle class in them, due to which the Muslim League instilled fear among the Muslim masses. On the slogan ‘Islam is in danger’ all the Muslims gathered under the flag of the League and Jinnah Emerged as a political messiah.” On the other hand, Hindu organizations also created a similar communal atmosphere, in this regard the stand of the Hindu Mahasabha was completely communal. Veer Savarkar clearly spoke of ‘Hindu dominance’ and said that “There is only one end to the Hindu-Muslim conflict and that is that India is Hindustan and Muslims should live here as a minority because in a democracy the majority is the state.” We do”
Root causes of partition of India, know the real reasons for partition of India
With the establishment of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, the geography of this subcontinent changed. With this, the economic, social and political conditions completely changed. There were many reasons for this division. Different people have interpreted it in their own way. According to the socialist writer Ram Manohar Lohia and some other writers, the power-hungry of the veteran Congress leaders, fatigue from the movement, and the personal influence of Mrs. Mountbatten led to the split.
Here it is also important to know the views of the Left. According to leftist writers, communalism is a perverted form of class struggle and the Muslim bourgeoisie and the Muslim middle class resorted to religion and culture to achieve their political goals, which led to the establishment of Pakistan.
due to partition of india
The root cause of the partition of India, was the Congress responsible for the partition? If we look at the root causes of the partition of India, then the notion of considering any one reason responsible for the partition will also be resolved. The partition of India happened due to different reasons, by studying these reasons, we will know the root causes of the partition.
The British Empire was not accepted by the Indian people from the very beginning. But the point to be noted here is that there was a section that supported and took advantage of the British state. This was the Hindu and Muslim upper classes. The Hindu business class, which maintained its position during the earlier Muslim rule, also coordinated with the British. But the Hindu upper class took more advantage of the British rule than the Muslim upper class and after getting higher education made its place in the British bureaucracy.
The Muslim upper class was sinking into utter despair because of the decline of the Muslim elite and dwindling employment opportunities. The decline of the Muslim upper class had a direct impact on the general Muslim class. After the revolt of 1857, the situation became more opposite as the British government now adopted the policy of weakening the Muslims and supporting the Hindus. Due to this the Muslim community started hating the Hindus. The British converted this hatred into communalism.
Commenting on this situation, Hudson wrote “It is not possible to divide and rule unless the ruled people are ready to come to terms of division. It is possible that the British took advantage of the Hindu-Muslim rivalry.” Yes, but did not invent this competition.