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What is Shab-e-Barat? Know the history and specialty related to it

What is Shab-e-Barat?


Shab Barat means Lailat al Barat

“This night is celebrated with worship since the beginning of Islam”. (What is Shab Baraat, by Suzail Abbas Madani).

Shab is a Persian word meaning night and Baraat is an Arabic word meaning freedom. Saves from hell.

Habits of the Government of Madinah, may Allah bless her and grant her peace, Umm al-Mu’mineen Hazrat Sayyiduna Aisha Siddiqa, may Allah bless her and grant her peace, says: I did not see the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless her and Grant him peace by fasting in any month beyond Shaban al-Mu’azzam. (Tirmizi, Volume 2, page 182, Hadith: 736)

She adds One night I could not find the presence of the Holy Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I went out in search of you, peace and blessings of Allah be upon you, and I found you in Jannat al-Baqi. That’s why the tribe of Bani Kalb forgives people more than the hair of goats. (Tirmizi, Vol. 2, p. 183, Hadith: 739 Muktaqati) It should be that it is bid to go to the graveyard on the night of Shab-Barat or the midnight of 15th Sha’ban and promise to treat the dead as bad.

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Rituals of religious leaders, may God have mercy on them, used to spend this night in worship of Allah. Hazrat Sayyiduna Khalid bin Madan, Hazrat Sayyiduna Luqman bin Aamir, and other religious leaders, may God have mercy on them, used to wear nice clothes, wear turbans and pray in the mosque at night on the fifteenth (15th) night of Shaban al-Mu’azzam. (Ma Fi Shaban, p. 75) Ameerul Mu’minin Hazrat Sayyiduna Umar bin Abdul Aziz (God bless him and grant him peace) was also engaged in worship during the Night of Torture. Al-Dukhan, under verse: 3, c8, 402)

Traditions of the people of Mecca The elder Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ishaq Fakihi (may God bless him and grant him peace) of the 3rd century Hijri says: When the night of purity comes, the people of Mecca have been following this practice till today, that they should come to the Haram Shareef Masjid and do Tawaf.

They were engaged in worship and reciting the Qur’an throughout the night. Some of them would perform 100 rak’ahs (nafl prayers) in such a way that in each rak’ah they recited Surah Al-Ikhlas ten times after Surah Fatiha. Zamzam Sharif used to drink, bathe with it and save it for his patients, and by doing these things he got many blessings that night.

The argument is referred to in the opening verses of Surat al-Dukhan.

However, in these verses, the “night of redemption” is not described, but the “night of judgment” and it is not a description of “the judgments of fate”, but “the judgments of fate are distributed” among the angels. The decisions of fate have been made since eternity and fate was written fifty thousand years before the birth of the universe.

Let us study the opening verses of Surah Al-Dukhan.

These verses describe three issues.

1. The Qur’an was revealed on a holy night

2. On this night (among the angels) wisdom and orders are distributed.

3. Mercy appears on this night

It is a rule that the Qur’an is interpreted differently. That is, one part of the Qur’an explains another part. So let us see the interpretation of these verses in the light of the Quran.

These three things are described in Surah Al-Qadr, see.

1. The Qur’an was revealed in the Night of Greatness.

2. Angels descend with whatever is written in the fate till the next Laylatul Qadr.

3. Peace descends on this night

This puzzle has been solved the second name of Lailatul-Qadr is Lailat Mubarak.

In which month is this night?

The Holy Quran says that the Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan. (Al-Baqarah verse 185. And it is known that Laylat-ul-Qadr occurs in Ramadaan, not in Sha’ban).

Night of the fifteenth of Sha’ban:

Imam Ibn al-‘Arabi Maliki (died: 543 Hijri) on page 2 of Tafsir al-Akhm al-Qur’an, rejecting all the hadiths of the fifteenth night of Sha’ban, said:

“Lees fi laylat al-nasf shaaban hadith yul ilya la fi fajlah na fi nasq al-ajal fiha fiha talfatwa aliha”.

There is no reliable hadith about the midnight of Sha’ban. Neither because of this night nor about writing about death and life, so do not pay attention to these traditions.

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Traditions related to fasting half of Sha’ban:

Muhaddis Abd al-Rahman bin Abd al-Rahim Mubarakpuri writes in Jami Tirmizi’s book Tuhfat al-Ahudzi, Volume 2, page 53.

I did not fast the midnight of Sha’ban, the hadith which is authentic, but the hadith of Ali, narrated by Ibn Majah, is weak and weak.

I have not found any authentic hadith about fasting half of Sha’ban and the description of Sayyiduna Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) is very weak compared to that narrated by Ibn Majah.

Half of Sha’ban Prayer:

Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani says in Fatehul Mulham Shar Muslim Volume 3 page 174:

Al-A’ni said, “And which hadiths are mentioned in the last half of Sha’ban prayers, Abu al-Khattab bin Dahiyah mentioned them.”

Allama Aini Hanafi writes that there are a similar number of hadiths about the half-Shaban prayers, but Abul Khattab bin Dahiya says that they are all fabricated.

All traditions regarding the night of half-Sha’ban are certain

Half of Shaban, the night of forgiveness?

To declare the night of the half of Sha’ban as the night of forgiveness, “Yar Lugh” narrates a hadith from Tirmizi which states:

On the night of mid-Sha’ban, Allah forgives people more than the hair of the wolves of Bankulab. but in the same tradition

The morning of Allah:

On the midnight of Sha’ban, a tradition is presented by Ibn Majah on the authority of Sayyidina Abu Musa al-Ash’ari. That the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah rises in the middle of the night of Sha’ban and forgives everyone except the polytheists.”

Four of the narrators of this tradition are certainly strong and one is very weak. This is a baseless tradition. Allama Habib-ur-Rehman Kandhalvi has described this tradition of Abd in his book “Shab Baraat Kya Hai”

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Ibn ‘Adi and Dhabi say that this tradition of Ibn Lahiyyah is rejected.

Abdullah ibn Lahiyyah sometimes claims that this hadith was narrated from Zayd ibn Salim and sometimes says that it was narrated from Dahhak ibn Ayman.

To declare the night of the half of Shaban as the night of forgiveness, “Yar Lugh” quotes a rejected tradition of Tirmidhi:

On the night of mid-Sha’ban, Allah forgives people more than the hair of the wolves of Bankulab. but in the same tradition

The month of reading Durood-e-Pak

Reciting Durood-e-Pak is one of the best deeds and the month of Sha’ban al-Mu’azzam has been called the month of reciting Durood-e-Pak, so Imam Kastlani Qudis Sirah al-Noorani says: Verily, the month of Sha’ban is sacred It is the month of reciting Durood Sharif on the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace. This is the month that the verse: -Ahzab: 56) (click here for further explanation of this verse) was revealed in the same month.

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Opinions of different Muslim schools of thought

Ahl al-Hadith scholars and scholars

When Allama ibn Taymiyyah was asked about the prayer of the half of Sha’ban, Ibn Taymiyyah replied that if

If one prays alone or with a particular congregation that night, as was the practice of many ancient peoples, it is a good practice. ,

Renowned Ahl al-Hadith scholar and commentator on hadith Allama Abd al-Rahman Mubarak writes in the Complete Tirmidhi Commentary,
“It should be known that there are many hadiths about the half of Shaban, the collection of all of them shows that these hadiths have some origin.”

After that, he quoted several hadiths about half of Sha’ban and said: All these hadiths are evidence against those who say that there is no hadith about half of Sha’ban.


Shias believe that Imam Mahdi was born on 15 Shaban 255 Hijri. They pray and celebrate on this night for the early arrival of Imam Mahdi.
sharing night

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: From one Sha’ban to another Sha’ban, the time to cut off people’s lives is written in this night, even if a person marries and has children, even if his name is written yes list of the dead

Night of forgiveness

Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (RA) says,

“One night I did not find Muhammad (PBUH) with me, so I went in search of the Prophet (PBUH). I saw that the Prophet (PBUH) was in Jannat al-Baqi (the Graveyard). The Prophet (PBUH) said, “What Are you afraid that Allah and His Messenger (PBUH) will abuse you?” I said, O Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The night shines on the sky of the world (according to its glory) and Banu- Forgives people more than the hair of the goats of the tribe of Kulb.”

This hadith is mentioned in most of the books of hadith, due to the abundance of hadith, this hadith has reached the level of health. It is narrated in Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Mishkat, author Ibn Abi Shuba’a, Shab al-Iman al-Bahqi, etc. It is narrated in this hadith that the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that on the 15th night of Sha’ban, Allah forgives all beings except the polytheists and the haters. In one tradition, the word Muslim is mentioned, and of the two men, one is described as a murderer and the other as a man of malice.

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Mercy night

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said.

“When the fifteenth night of Sha’ban comes, there is an announcement from Allah Ta ‘ ala, someone is asking for forgiveness that I forgive his sins, someone is asking me to give it to him. Anything asked for is given. He accepts the prayers of everyone except the wicked woman and the polytheist.”

Hazrat Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, told that Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said

“When it is the fifteenth night of Sha’ban, establish Taurat and fast during the day, because from the time of sunset Allah’s mercy descends upon the heavens and the world, and Allah says, “Whoever asks for forgiveness I grant him Will forgive me If someone is seeking a livelihood, I will give him a livelihood, if someone is in trouble, I will remove his crisis, this announcement goes on till morning. ,

 Jagran Ratri In the Night of Purity, Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) himself used to stay awake during the night and advise others to stay awake during the night. On this hadith, it has always been customary among Muslims to hold night vigils. At night. “Among the followers of Jalil-ul-Qadr, for example, Hazrat Khalid bin Madan, Hazrat Makhool, Hazrat Luqman bin Ameer and Hazrat Ishaq bin Rahawiya, may Allah be pleased with them, used to gather in the mosque and observe night vigil On the night of the fifteenth of Sha’baan and throughout the night he continued to pray in the mosques. He was busy.” ,

Muslims in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Turkey, etc. still follow the collective practice of night vigil. cemetery tour Because it is proved in the Hadith that Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to the cemetery on this night, Muslims also visit the cemetery on this night. Sha’ban fasting The virtue of fasting in this month has been described in many hadiths. The Prophet himself often fasted in this month. give feedback context

Disclaimer-This article was Translated From the Urdu Language

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