What was the name of Muhammad’s daughter? Faimahi / Fatima – Daughter of Prophet Muhammad
Born: 605 AD Mecca
Died: 633 AD Medina
Prominent members of the family: Spouse-Ali, father Muhammad Sahab, mother Khadija, son Hasan, son al-Usain ibn al.
Faimahi, also known as Fatima, also known as al-Zahra (Arabic: “The Radiant One”), (born 605 AD, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia] – 632/633 AD died in Medina), daughter of Muhammad (founder of Islam) who became the subject of deep faith and worship by many Muslims, especially Shi’a (Shiʿah.) in later centuries. Prophet Muhammad had many sons and daughters, but many of them either died young and some failed to produce a long line of descendants. That is, their sons did not give birth to many children. The fima, however, is prominently known as the head of a lineage credited with passing the lineage continuously through the generations and who was revered as the Ahl al-Bayt.
For Shia, she is particularly important because she was married to Ali, who was considered the legitimate heir to the authority of the Shia prophet Muhammad and the first of his imams. Faima and the sons of Ali, Hasan and Usain are thus seen by Shia as the rightful successors of the tradition of Muhammad, a further influence of the importance of Faima among Shia followers. Accordingly, many Islamic traditions attribute a majestic, if not miraculous, to the life of Faimahi.
Faimahi accompanied Muhammad during his migration from Mecca to Medina in 622 (see Hijra). Soon after coming to Medina, she married Ali, the cousin of the Prophet. His first few years were spent in abject poverty. When Muhammad was facing his last illness in 632, Faimahi was there to care for him. In general she was devoted to her domestic duties and shied away from getting involved in political affairs. Nevertheless, after Muhammad’s death he had an intense conflict with Abu Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad as caliph and leader of the Muslim community (umma), and Faimahi’s reluctance to submit to Abu Bakr’s authority. Ali supported. She got into a dispute with the Caliph for the second time over the property she claimed was left to her by Muhammad. Abu Bakr refused to approve his claim, and, according to most historical references, Faimahi refused to speak to him thereafter. She died a few months later, either from illness or injury.