Timeline of Babri Masjid – From construction to demolition: Complete information about Ram Janmabhoomi dispute-The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute has proved to be a source of religious and political conflicts. Now the construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya has started and Muslim community celebrates 6th December as Babri Masjid Demolition Day.
According to Hindu mythology, the city of Ayodhya is the birthplace of Lord Rama. The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute has become a religious and political conflict as the main issues revolve around the occupation of the disputed site. Hindu organization groups claim that the mosque was built after the temple was demolished and that the place was also the birthplace of the Hindu deity, Rama, while Muslims claim that the mosque was never built after the demolition, but rather temples. was built with the help of the ruins of ,
History behind the construction of Babri-Masjid
When Babur came to India in 1526 at the request of the Indian governor to defeat Ibrahim Lodhi. During his conquest of Northeast India one of his generals visited Ayodhya where he built a mosque (there is a debate on the construction whether it was built on the demolished site of the temple or was built after the demolition) and to give it Hence it was named Babri-Masjid. The mosque dedicated to Babur was constructed with a huge complex where both Hindus and Muslims can worship under the same umbrella which means Muslims inside the mosque and Hindus outside the mosque but inside the premises, i.e. “mosque- Temple”.
Here, we are giving a complete timeline of the Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute case to understand the issue, and how and why the issues remain unresolved.
Timeline of Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute case
This was the first time an incident of communal violence was recorded during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah, the Nawab of Awadh. People representing the Hindu community said that the mosques were built after the demolition of a Hindu temple.
The occupation of the site led to communal clashes. Therefore, the British built a fence that separates the places of worship which means the inner court used by the Muslims and the outer court by the Hindus.
Faizabad District Court dismissed Mahant Raghubir Das’s plea to build an umbrella on Ram Chabutra.
The plight of violent disputes erupted when Hindu activists placed a Ram idol inside the temple and spread the message that the idols appeared ‘miraculously’ inside the mosque. Muslim activists protest and both sides file civil suits and eventually the government declares the complex a disputed area and closes the doors. Jawaharlal Nehru took a tough stand on the illegal installation of idols and insisted that the statue should be removed, but local official K.K.K. Nairs (known for his Hindu nationalist ties) refused to fulfill the orders, claiming it would lead to communal riots.
January 18, 1950
Gopal Singh Visharad had filed a petition seeking permission for the right to worship the idols installed at the ‘Asthan Janmabhoomi’. The court in its judgment prohibited the removal of idols and allowed worship.
Nirmohi Akhara emerges as a new claimant and suit files for the possession of the place, which had introduced himself as the custodian of the place on which Rama was born.
December 18, 1961
The Sunni Waqf Board (Central) moved the court against the demand for forcible installation of the idol and possession of the mosque and surrounding land.
Based on a petition by Hari Shankar Dubey, a district court directed the Hindu community to open the gates for ‘darshan’. The Muslims formed the Babri Masjid Action Committee in protest against the decision. As a result, the gate is opened and re-locked for less than an hour.
Former VHP vice-president Devki Nandan Agarwal filed suit for title and possession in the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court.
23 October 1989
The entire matter related to the Babri-Masjid dispute comes under the purview of the special bench of the High Court.
Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) laid the foundation stone of the land adjacent to the disputed mosque.
Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) activists try to demolish the mosques and as a result, they partially damage the mosques. India’s contemporary Prime Minister Chandrashekhar tried to resolve the dispute through negotiations but failed.
6 December 1992
This year has been dominated by nationwide communal riots, in which over 2,000 people lost their lives in shootings and violence over the demolition of a disputed mosque by Hindu activists backed by the VHP, Shiv Sena, and BJP.
16 December 1992
The Librahan Commission (Librahan Ayodhya Inquiry Commission) was appointed by an order of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs of India by retired High Court Judge M.S. The investigation was carried out to investigate the destruction of the disputed structure of the Babri Masjid under Liberhan.
This year the Allahabad High Court shifted all the civil cases under one table.
The High Court ordered the Archaeological Survey of India to find out whether there were temple fragments under the mosque.
To find out the real owner of the Babri-Masjid disputed site, the High Court under the leadership of the judge started the hearing.
The Archaeological Survey of India (Archaeological Survey of India) started excavations to reveal the evidence of a temple under the Babri-Masjid disputed land and in its final report, it said that there is evidence of a Hindu, Jain, or Buddhist temple under the mosque. . The All India Muslim Personal Law Board (All India Muslim Personal Law Board) took up the challenge of this report of the ASI in the court.
The Liberhan Commission submitted its report and the report blamed some BJP leaders for their role in the demolition.
26 July 2010
The Lucknow Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court reserved its decision and suggested all the parties find an amicable solution among themselves but none of the parties showed any interest.
September 17, 2010
The Court dismissed the petition in which RC Tripathi had filed a suit in the High Court to defer the announcement of the judgment which was rejected by the High Court.
September 21, 2010
RC Tripathi filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging the High Court order, but a bench of Altamas Kabir and AK Patnaik refused to hear the matter after which the matter was referred to another bench.
During this year, the Allahabad High Court gave a landmark ruling that the disputed land be divided into three parts: one-third goes to Ram Lalla (the underrepresented Hindu Mahasabha); one-third to the Islamic Waqf Board; And the remaining third to Nirmohi Akhara.
This year the All India Hindu Mahasabha and the Sunni Waqf Board challenged the Allahabad High Court’s decision in the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court stayed the Allahabad High Court’s decision on the division of the disputed land and said that the status quo remained.
Vishwa Hindu Parishad announced to collect stones across the country for the construction of the Ram temple on the disputed land of Babri-Masjid. Mahant Nritya Gopal Das said that the Government of India under the leadership of Modi gave a green signal to the construction of the temple. The Akhilesh Yadav-led Uttar Pradesh government says it will not allow stones for the construction of the Ram temple in Ayodhya as it leads to communal tension.
The Supreme Court, on the basis of the Babri-Masjid demolition case, held that the charges against LK Advani and other accused leaders cannot be dropped and the matter should be re-heard.
March 21, 2017
The Supreme Court of India maintains that the Babri-Masjid demolition case is sensitive and cannot be resolved without the integration of issues. Therefore, it appeals to all the parties to the Babri-Masjid case to find an amicable solution.
April 19, 2017
February 8, 2018: Supreme Court begins hearing civil appeals.
September 27, 2018: Supreme Court refuses to refer the matter to a five-judge Constitution Bench.
October 29, 2018: SC fixes a hearing of the matter before a three-judge bench in the first week of January. The bench was to fix the date of the hearing.
24 December 2018: Supreme Court decides to fix the date of hearing on 4 January 2019 in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute.
January 4, 2019: Supreme Court says it will pass an order on January 10 to fix the date of hearing in the matter.
January 8, 2019: A five-judge bench was constituted by the Supreme Court and headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and other judges- S A Bobde, N V Ramana, U U Lalit, and D Y Chandrachud. However, Justice U U Lalit recused himself from this bench.
January 25, 2019: Supreme Court reconstitutes a five-judge bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan, and SA Nazir.
January 29, 2019: The central government moves to the Supreme Court seeking permission to return the 67-acre area around the disputed site to the original owners.
February 26, 2019: Apex court favors mediation.
March 8, 2019: The Supreme Court refers the dispute to an arbitration panel headed by former Supreme Court judge FMI Kallifulla.
April 9, 2019: Nirmohi Akhara files protest in Supreme Court over Centre’s plea to return the acquired land to its original owners.
March 9, 2019: Arbitration panel submits interim report to Supreme Court.
May 10, 2019: Supreme Court gives the mediation panel time till August 15, 2019, to complete its report.
11 July 2019: Supreme Court seeks progress on Arbitration Panel’s report.
August 1, 2019: The mediation panel submits its report to the Supreme Court in a sealed cover.
2 August 2019: The hearing was to be held daily from 6 August 2019.
October 4, 2019: Supreme Court directs the UP government to provide security to the chairman of the State Waqf Board. It further said that it will pronounce the verdict on the disputed land by November 17, 2019.
16 October 2019: Final hearing of the case ends in Supreme Court. The bench reserved its final decision.
9 November 2019: The Supreme Court, while hearing a historic verdict in this disputed case for years, gave 2.77 acres of disputed land in Ayodhya in favor of Lord Ram Lalla, whose rights would be with the receiver of the government appointed by the Center. In its decision, Aglaat also directed the Center and the UP government to allot 5 acres of land at another prominent place to the Muslim side for the construction of the mosque.
December 12, 2019: Supreme Court dismisses all petitions seeking review of its judgment on the disputed land.
2020: Upcoming Events
February 5, 2020: The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the establishment of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust. This organization will oversee the construction of the Ram temple at the site. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced this in the Lok Sabha.
February 24, 2020: The Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board has accepted five acres of land allotted by the state government to build a mosque in Dhannipur village of Sohawal tehsil of Ayodhya.
August 5, 2020: The Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone of the proposed Lord Ram temple in Ayodhya by performing Bhoomi Pujan.
Q-Is now a mosque being built instead of Babri Masjid?
ANS- The Supreme Court had asked the Center to allot a 5-acre plot to the Sunni Waqf Board for building a new mosque at a “prominent” location in Ayodhya.
Q-Why was the Babri Masjid demolished?
ANS-The Babri Masjid was a mosque in Ayodhya, India, believed by Hindus to be the birthplace of Lord Rama. So the mosque was demolished.
Q-In which year it was decided that Ram Mandir will be rebuilt?
ANS-The reconstruction of the Ram temple in Ayodhya was decided by the Supreme Court in 2020.
Q-When was the Babri Masjid demolished?
ANS-The Babri Masjid was demolished on 6 December 1992.