Grogory Rasputin was a well-known face of Russian politics who was born in a simple family and established himself as a prominent figure in the Russian court. He was a mystic monk who under his influence established Tsar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra as prominent figures in the Russian court. But in the end, the conspiracy of other members of the Russian court led him to death.
Grigory Rasputin, whose full name was Grigory Yefimovich Rasputin, original name Grigory Yefimovich Novikh, was born on January 22 [January 10, old style], 1869. He died at the age of 47 on 30 December 1916, near Pokrovskoye, Tyumen, Siberia, Russian Empire, Petrograd [now Saint Petersburg, Russia]), a Siberian farmer and mystic whose hemophilia heir to the Russian throne, Alexei. Nikolayevich’s ability to improve his health condition (he had been suffering from an illness for a long time) made him an influential favorite of Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra in the emperor’s court.
Although he attended school, Grigory Rasputin remained illiterate, and his reputation for licentiousness led him to assume the Russian nickname Rasputin for “Debouched One”. He apparently converted at the age of 18, and eventually went to the monastery of Verkhotur, where he has introduced to the Khalisti (Flagellant) sect. Rasputin distorted Khalistan’s beliefs into the theory that one was closest to God when feeling “sacred passionlessness” and that the best way to reach such a state was through sexual exhaustion followed by prolonged infirmity. had come.
Rasputin did not become a monk. He returned to Pokrovskoye, and at the age of 19 married Proskovya Fedorovna Dubrovina, with whom he later fathered four children. The marriage did not settle Rasputin. He left home and roamed Mount Athos, Greece, and Jerusalem, shunned by peasant charities, and gained a reputation as a star (self-proclaimed holy man) with the ability to heal the sick and predict the future.
Arrival in Petersburg
Rasputin’s wanderings took him to St. Petersburg (1903), where he was received by Theophan, the inspector of the St. Petersburg Religious Academy, and Hermogenes, Bishop of Saratov. At that time the court circles of St. Petersburg were entertaining themselves by being engrossed in mysticism and occultism, so Rasputin—a filthy, spotless wanderer, with brilliant eyes and supposedly extraordinary healing talents—was warmly received.
Rasputin was introduced to the royal family in 1905, and in 1908 he was called to the palace of Nicholas and Alexandra during the hemorrhage of his hemophiliac son. Rasputin was successful in alleviating the boy’s suffering (perhaps by his hypnotic powers) and, upon leaving the palace, warned the parents that the destinies of both the child and the offspring were irrevocably linked to him, leading to Rasputin’s powerful A decade of influence set in motion. On the affairs of the royal family and state.
In the presence of the royal family, Rasputin consistently maintained the posture of a humble and pious peasant. Off the court, however, he soon fell into his former licentious habits. Proclaiming that physical contact with one’s own person had a purifying and healing effect, he gained mistresses and attempted to seduce many other women. When the account of Rasputin’s conduct reached Nicholas’ ears, the Tsar refused to believe that he was anything other than a holy man, and Rasputin’s accusers relocated themselves to remote areas of the empire. Turned or completely removed from his positions of influence.
By 1911, Rasputin’s behavior had become a general scandal. Prime Minister, P.A. Stolypin sent a report to the Tsar on Rasputin’s misdeeds. As a result, the king expelled Rasputin, but Alexandra recalled him within a few months. Nicholas, concerned not to offend his wife or endanger his son, on whom Rasputin clearly had a beneficial influence, chose to ignore further accusations of wrongdoing.
After 1915 Rasputin reached the pinnacle of his power at the Russian court. During World War I, Nicholas II took personal command of his army (September 1915) and went to the troops at the front, leaving Alexandra in charge of Russia’s internal affairs, while Rasputin served as his personal adviser. Rasputin’s influence ranged from the appointment of church officials to the selection of cabinet ministers (often incompetent opportunists), and he occasionally intervened in military matters to the detriment of Russia. Although not supporting any particular political group, Rasputin was a strong opponent of autocracy or anyone who opposed himself.
Several attempts were made to take Rasputin’s life and save Russia from further calamity, but none were successful until 1916. Then a group of extreme conservatives, including Prince Felix Yusupov (husband of the Tsar’s niece), Vladimir Mitrofanovich Purishkevich (a member). Duma), and Grand Duke Dmitry Pavlovich (the Tsar’s cousin) conspired to overthrow Rasputin and save the monarchy from further scandal. On the night of December 29-30, Rasputin was invited to visit Yusupov’s house, and, according to legend, he was once given cakes of poisoned wine and tea. When he did not die, the frantic Yusupov shot him.
Rasputin fell, but managed to escape into the courtyard, where Purishkevich shot him again. Then the conspirators tied him up and threw him through a hole in the ice into the Neva River, where he eventually died of drowning. However, a subsequent autopsy largely refuted this account of events; Apparently Rasputin was shot and killed. The assassination only strengthened Alexandra’s resolve to uphold the principle of autocracy, but a few weeks later the entire imperial regime was swept away by the revolution.