Alexandra - the infamous and controversial Empress of Russia - Online History

Alexandra – the infamous and controversial Empress of Russia

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        Alexandra was the wife of Emperor Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. She was a ruthless and conservative woman. She originally belonged to Germany. He enjoyed his autocratic power in the Russian court by taking Nicholas under his influence. He made fun of the poverty of the people during the Russian Revolution. He had a physical relationship with a mystic monk named Rasputin. In the end, he was killed along with the entire family.

 

Alexandra - the infamous and controversial Empress of Russia
IMAGE-britannica.com

Born: June 6, 1872, Darmstadt Germany

Died: July 17, 1918 (age 46 years) Yekaterinburg Russia

Notable Family Members: Husband- Nicholas II, Daughter- Anastasia, and Son- Alexis

     Alexandra, whose full name was Alexandra Fedorovna, was original of German descent and known as Alix, Prinzessin (Princess) von Hesse-Darmstadt was born on June 6, 1872, in Darmstadt, Germany, and died – on July 17, 1918, Yekaterinburg, Russia), took place. She was the wife of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II. When the emperor was in command of the Russian army during World War I, his misrule led to the fall of the imperial government in March 1917.

     Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, Alexandra, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, the granddaughter of Queen Victoria and daughter of Louis IV, married and succeeded Nicholas in 1894. She proved unpopular in the Russian royal court and turned to mysticism for solace. Through his staunch acceptance of Orthodoxy and his belief in autocratic rule, he felt it his sacred duty to help re-establish Nicholas’ absolute power, which had been limited by the reforms in 1905.

Alexandra - the infamous and controversial Empress of Russia
Nicholas II and family
Tsar Nicholas II and his family, 1914: (from left, seated) Mary, Alexandra, Nicholas II and Anastasia; (foreground) Alexis; and (standing, from left) Olga and Tatiana.

 

      Tsarevich Alexis was born in 1904; Alexandra had previously given birth to four daughters. The Tsarevich suffered from hemophilia, and Alexandra’s extreme concern for her own life prompted her to seek the help of a “holy man” who had hypnotic powers, Grigory Yefimovich Rasputin. She had come to venerate Rasputin as a saint sent by God to save the throne and as the voice of the common people who, she believed, remained loyal to the emperor. Rasputin’s influence was a public scandal, but Alexandra shrugged off all criticism.

After Nicholas went to the front in August 1915, he arbitrarily dismissed competent ministers and replaced them with non-equal or unscrupulous careerists in favor of Rasputin. As a result, the administration was paralyzed and the regime was discredited, and Alexandra was widely exposed, but in the eyes of the Russian people, she was a German agent. Yet he disregarded all warnings of impending changes, even killing Rasputin. After the October Revolution (1917), she, Nicholas, and their children were imprisoned by the Bolsheviks and later shot to death. (Although there is some uncertainty over whether the family was executed on July 16 or 17, 1918, most sources indicate that the executions took place on July 17.)

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