Palas, Pratiharas and Rashtrakutas, History and Struggle

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Introduction

      Friends, in today’s important article, we are going to talk to you about the history of Pal, Pratihara and Rashtrakuta, so let’s go ahead, what happened after Pal, Pratihar and Rashtrakuta. 750 to 1000 AD. Between AD, there was a rise of many powerful empires in North India and Deccan. The important of which were Rashtrapal, Pratihara and Rashtrakuta, out of which the Rashtrakuta Empire was one such nation which was the longest lasting empire and was also said to be the most powerful of that time. 750 AD. The Pala dynasty was founded by Gopala in AD and Gopal was earlier a chieftain but later became the king of Bengal. If seen, Gopal Raja of Bengal was the first Buddhist king. He established his rule by defeating the Gaud dynasty in their stronghold Kamrup.

    750-1000 AD in central northern India and the Deccan. Many powerful empires were established in the year, in which the Pala, Pratihara and Rashtrakuta provinces were the most important and powerful.

PAL (PAAL)


       AD The Pala dynasty was founded by Gopal in 750 and Gopal, the founder of the Pala dynasty, was first a chief but later became the king of Bengal. If seen, Gopal Raja of Bengal became the first Buddhist king. The Buddhist king Gopal established his dominance when the Gaur dynasty was defeated in his stronghold, Kamrup. When Gopal Raja died, many parts of Bengal and Bihar were under his control. Later Gopal built a monastery at Odantapuri in Bihar, which all credit goes to Gopal. Dharampal was given the position of becoming Gopal’s successor. Dharmapala AD. He ruled during the period from 770 to 810. During his reign the Pala Empire became the most powerful empire in North and East India. He fought a long war against the Gurjara Pratiharas and the Rashtrakutas. Despite his humiliating defeat against the Gurjara Pratihara king Nagabhatta II, he was able to save the prestige of the Pala kingdom and expanded his empire throughout Bengal and Bihar. Dharmapala, a famous Buddhist king, founded the Vikramshila University which was a famous center for the study of Buddhism in India. This university is located in Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur, Bihar.

     Devpal was the successor of Dharmapala. Devapala extended his empire to the prosperous Assam, Odisha and Kamrup. During his reign the Pala armies conducted a very successful campaign.

     If seen, after Devpal, such a king came on the throne that he had become very less famous or it can also be said that he was very little known. After this Mahipal became the king of the Pala Empire. He ruled from 995 AD to 1043 AD. Known as the second founder of the Pala dynasty, he reclaimed all the lost territories of the Pala Empire. Mahipala’s immediate heirs were very weak and could not keep his hold on his empire intact.

Pratihara


     6th century AD. The Gurjara Pratihara dynasty was founded by King Harichand in AD. Raja Harichandra remained the dominant king of his empire only till the 11th century. It is said about this king Harichandra, that he originated from Ujjain or Mandsaur. The first and important ruler of this dynasty was Nagabhatta-I. Nagabhatta in 730 AD. to 756 AD. He had kept his rule till then. The kingdom of Nagabhatta also included Gwalior, Bharuch and Malwa. Avani was the capital of Nagabhatta’s kingdom.

      Achievement of Nagabhatta I
: King Nagabhatta’s Junaid, the Arab commander and his successor Tamin was defeated in the battle of Rajasthan. It helped Nagabhatta to successfully defend and defend the western frontiers against Arab invasion. Vatsaraja succeeded Nagabhatta I as a new king and had established authority over Kanauj by defeating the Pala king Dharmapala.

      Nagabhatta II 805 AD. He was succeeded by the defeat of King Vatsaraj in around AD. In fact, Nagabhatta II was the most prominent Chinese king of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. King Nagabhatta II to him over 815 AD. It is known for the reconstruction of the temple of Somnath. This Somnath temple was built in 725 AD. It was destroyed by the Arab armies of Junaid. Mihirbhoj is said to be the other main king of this dynasty.

       Mihirbhoja
was the other chief king of this dynasty. Reign of Mihirbhoj Raja 885 AD. Lasted till Mihirbhoj king had built a great empire. Mihirbhoja had conquered in a sequence of battles and after that he conquered many territories like Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

 Rashtrakut


     The Rashtrakutas were kings of Kannada origin and their mother tongue was Kannada. The Rashtrakuta dynasty was founded by Dantidurga in the 8th century. Dantidurga played an important role in establishing the Rashtrakutas as a supreme power in the Deccan. He conquered Malwa by defeating the Gurjars. He also defeated Kirtivarman II and established his suzerainty over the Chalukya Empire. His successor was Krishna I who was a great empire builder. Krishna I had won against the Eastern Chalukyas and the Ganges of Vengi. He is known for the construction of the huge Kailash temple by cutting the rocks of Ellora. His successor Govinda was the third.

      Amodhavarsha (unfavourable) I from 815 to 880 AD. Govinda succeeded the third whose reign was popular for its cultural development. Govinda III followed Jainism. Govinda III was also the author of a very famous book, Kavirajamarg, written in Kannada language. Govinda was also the architect of Malkhed or Manyakhed, the capital of the third Rashtrakuta.

      936 to 968 AD. In AD Amodhavarsha I was succeeded by Krishna III. Krishna III became very famous for his systematic military action by fighting against neighboring states. Krishna III had emerged victorious by launching a war against the Cholas at Takotam.

      Krishna III achieved by fighting with Tanjore, after that Krishna III also attacked and captured Rameshwaram. Amoghavarsha also built several temples including the Krishnaeshwara temple at Rameshwaram. After the death of Krishna III, his power decreased in the entire Rashtrakuta.
Last Final Word:

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