Biography of Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri | Death or murder of Lal Bahadur Shastri in Tashkent
Born: October 2, 1904, India
Died: January 11, 1966 (age 61) Tashkent Uzbekistan
Title/Office: Prime Minister (1964–1966), India
Political Affiliation: Indian National Congress
Role in: Tashkent Agreement
Date of Birth: 2 October 1904
Age at death: 61
Country of Birth: India
Born: Mughalsarai, Agra, British India (now Uttar Pradesh, India)
Celebrity: Former Prime Minister of India
Political Ideology: Socialism
Wife: Lalita Devi
Father: Sharda Prasad Srivastava
Mother: Ramdulari Devi
Children: Anil Shastri
Hari Krishna Shastri,
Date of Death: 11 January 1966
Place of Death: Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union (now Uzbekistan)
Cause of Death: Heart Attack
Lal Bahadur Shastri was a political leader of India. He participated in the Indian independence movement led by prominent national leaders of India such as Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Before becoming the Prime Minister of India, he served in various departments such as the Ministry of Railways and the Ministry of Home Affairs. He became one of the most loved political leaders of the people because of his socialist views.
Jai jawan jai kisan:
During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, he raised the famous slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. His death remains a mystery as no one knows under what circumstances he died.
He died on 11 January 1966, a day after the signing of the Tashkent Accords. He was the only Indian Prime Minister to die abroad (Soviet Union). Lal Bahadur Shastri is the first person to receive Bharat Ratna, India’s highest honor.
Indian liberation struggle
Indian freedom struggle was in full swing during Shastri’s time. Shastri was inspired by the principles of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1920, he participated in the Indian freedom struggle. He participated in the famous Salt Satyagraha of Mahatma Gandhi.
For this he was sent to jail and spent two and a half years in prison. Despite his imprisonment, he served as the Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of Uttar Pradesh in 1937. He was then imprisoned for one more year for being a part of the Salt Satyagraha.
Then in 1942 he was again imprisoned for his involvement in Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘Quit India’ movement and for advising freedom fighters from Jawaharlal Nehru’s house.
For this he was sent to imprisonment for four years. After that in 1947, Shastri was appointed as the Minister of Police and Transport of Uttar Pradesh.
General Secretary of Indian Congress
He was later appointed as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee in 1951. He was elected as a member of the Legislature, where he was appointed Minister of Railways and Transport.
The development of Indian railways and transport was done by him. But in 1952 a train accident in Tamil Nadu killed 112 passengers. He accepted the responsibility and resigned.
Then in 1957 he was elected Minister of Commerce and Industry in the cabinet. Within the next four years he was elected to the post of Honorary Home Minister.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, died in 1964. So who is the next leader? The matter came The then Congress party leader K. Kamaraj put Shastri’s name in front of the Prime Minister’s post. In the same year Shastri was elected the Prime Minister of India.
The Indo-Pakistani War broke out in 1965 after Shastri became the Prime Minister. Abodu Shastri led the country. During this war he raised the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kishan”. It soon resonated as the national anthem.
After the declaration of ceasefire with Pakistan in 1965, he attended a summit in Tashkent with the then President of Pakistan, Muhammad Ayub Khan. The following year they both signed the ‘Tashkent’ Declaration.
Death or murder of Lal Bahadur Shastri in Tashkent
The mystery of Shastri’s death in Tashkent remains even today. The news of his death came to the world only 12 hours after the signing of the Tashkent Accord (10 January 1966) with Pakistan.
The news of his death came out at 1:32 pm on the night of January. In this regard, his close relatives and officials said that he was completely healthy till half an hour before his death, but within 15 to 20 minutes his health started deteriorating. Seeing his deteriorating condition, the doctor gave him an injection (called intramuscular). He died within a few minutes after this injection.
Government sources said the cause of his death was a heart attack. It is also true in its favor that he was already suffering from heart disease and had suffered a heart attack once in 1959. After this, his close friends and doctor had also advised him to do less work. But after the death of Nehru, when he became the Prime Minister of the country on 9 June 1964, his workload also increased. Although some reports on his death also depicted his death as a conspiracy. This made his death a mystery.
When Soviet PM and Pakistani President shouldered Shastri Ji
This was the scene when the world saw that an enemy country Pakistan and a friendly country shouldered the shoulder of the most honest prime minister of India. To bring Shastri’s body from Tashkent to Delhi, when his body reached the Tashkent airport, Soviet President Kosygin and Pakistan President Ayub Khan shouldered his coffin. The Soviet Union, Pakistan, and India bowed in their mourning.
Shastri Ji’s wife was accused of murder by poisoning
In favor of this claim of Shastri’s wife, some people say that the dinner of Shastriji’s death was cooked by Jan Muhammad, the cook of TN Kaul, the then Ambassador of India to Soviet Russia. While Shastri ji was accompanied by his cook and personal assistant Ramnath. After dinner, Shastri Ji went to sleep. After his death, his body had turned blue. Seeing this, many expressed the apprehension of mixing poison in the food. After seeing his dead body, his wife Lalita Shastri also expressed the same apprehension that her husband had been poisoned. If the cause of death was a heart attack, why were there blue marks on the body? His son Shastri had expressed the same apprehension.
- Was Russia involved in his death?
- Why was the post-mortem of his body not done?
- Why did his body turn blue?
There are many unanswered questions whose answers every Indian wants to know so that the mystery behind the death of the country’s most honest prime minister can be brought to the fore. The death of a Prime Minister that too mysteriously and the non-conduct of his post-mortem on it strengthens his claim of murder.
When Shastri Ji ate only one meal
During the 1965 war between India and Pakistan, the then US President Lyndon Johnson threatened Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri that he would stop sending wheat to India if he did not stop the war against Pakistan. Because at that time India was not self-sufficient in the production of wheat and most of the wheat had to be imported from America. But Shastri ji in front of the American threat and he appealed to the countrymen that he will take one meal from today. Millions of Indians ate one meal on his pail so that there was no need to import wheat from America.