Sarojini Naidu was one of the early signatories of women’s empowerment in India. Along with the freedom struggle of the country, she also fought vigorously for the freedom of women. She was not only a politician but because of her merit she was elected as the first Indian woman President of India National Congress.
Early Life of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu was a politician. She was born on February 13, 1897 in Hyderabad, India. In the early part of his life, she got recognition due to his poems and stories. She also wrote many plays. In those times when there was no special emphasis on women’s education, she went to England for studies. In 1916, he met Mahatma Gandhi, influenced by her, she started participating in the struggle for India’s independence.
Sarojini Naidu held many key positions in the Indian National Congress and did a splendid job and her hard work and honesty paid off in 1925 when she was elected She was given the opportunity to be the first woman President of the Indian National Congress. After independence, Sarojini Naidu was appointed as the first Governor of Uttar Pradesh, she died on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow..
Bharat Nightingale ( bharat kokila)
Sarojini Naidu is also called Nightingale of India. Sarojini Naidu’s father’s name was Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyay and mother’s name was Varad Sundari. Girl Sarojini was very smart in her studies.
Along with this, he was also fond of writing poetry and story. He got this quality from her mother Varad Sundari, she was an excellent Bengali poet. Father Aghornath also took a doctorate from the University of Edinburgh.
During her early education, the signs of her being meritorious started appearing and she secured first position in the state in the matriculation examination. Parents also left no stone unturned to pursue Sarojini and sent her to Cambridge University, London for further studies.
Very few people know that revolutionary Virendra Chattopadhyay was his brother. Her other brother Harindranath was a famous poet, artist and actor.
Sarojini Chattopadhyay tied the knot with Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu at the age of just 19. It was an inter-caste marriage which was a very difficult task at that time but her father gave his consent to the inter-caste marriage of his daughter with his consent.
Sarojini Naidu and Govindarajulu Naidu had five children. The same daughter Papadpati Padma also took part in the freedom struggle of India.
Political life of Sarojini Naidu
Let us tell you that Sarojini Naidu was first identified as a poetess and later she became known as a freedom fighter. During her studies in London, The Golden Threshold was her first collection of poems, which was widely praised.
Her second collection of poems, Bird of Time and her third collection, Broken Wing, earned her a lot of fame and established herself as a great poet. After coming to India, she was very much influenced by Gandhi and became a part of Congress.
Contribution to Indian independence movement
In 1905 she joined the Indian National Congress. Where she got the opportunity to work with leaders like Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Annie Besant and Jawaharlal Nehru. She had a very close friendship with Annie Besant. Sarojini Naidu played an important role in forming the Women’s Indian Association affiliated to the Indian National Congress.
She also got a chance to preside over the Home Rule League. She also participated in the Round Table Conference held in 1931 with Madan Mohan Malviya. She also had to go to jail during the Quit India Movement in 1942.
Due to her fighting ability and service to the people, she got recognition at the national level and Mahatma Gandhi himself was also very impressed by her work. Her words were respected in the Congress.
Congress also sent him to South Africa by making her its representative. After India became independent, she was appointed as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.
Sarojini Naidu’s Death
She died on March 2, 1949 due to a heart attack. The Government of India has named several institutes in her memory, including Sarojini Naidu College of Women, Sarojini Naidu Medical College and Sarojini Naidu School of Arts and Communication.
Major Works of Sarojini Naidu
- sarojini naidu as a poet At the age of just 12, he composed the Persian play Mehr Munir, which was very much liked by the then Nawab of Hyderabad.
- In 1905, his first collection of poetry, sarojini naidu poems, The Golden Threshold, was published.
- In 1912, his second collection of poems, Bird of Time, and in 1917 his third collection, Broken Wing, earned him great fame. 1
- In 916 he published Muhammad Ali Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity.
- The Scripted Flute: Songs of India in 1943.
- In 1961, her work The Feather of the Dwan was published by his daughter Padmaja Naidu.
- The Indian Webbers, his last writing work, was published in 1971.
Awards and Honors
The Government of India honored him with the Kaiser-e-Hind Award. In 1967, the Government of India issued a postage stamp in his honor.