Top 50 History GK Questions and Answers for Competitive Exam Preparation

History GK Questions and Answers: Why General Knowledge in History is Important for Competitive Exams Competitive exams require detailed knowledge of history and general knowledge related to historical events. Candidates must have in-depth knowledge of topics like Ancient History, Modern Indian History, Indus Civilisation, Gupta Empire, Dynasties and Capitals, etc. This is why it is … Read more

The Rise and Fall of the Mughal Empire – Impact of the Mughals on Indian Culture

After the death of Timur, no such worthy person was born in his generation who could save the great empire of Timur from disintegrating. Therefore, after Timur, Timurid princes and emirs established small kingdoms in Central Asia and became embroiled in civil wars. Among them, there was a kingdom called Fargana whose ruler was Umar … Read more

Mystery of Indus Valley Civilization: These questions remain unresolved even after a hundred years

In 2023, it has been over 100 years since the discovery of Mohenjodaro and Harappa, but many questions remain unresolved. Mystery of Indus Valley Civilization The biggest mystery about the Indus Valley Civilization is that its script has not been successfully deciphered to date. But experts agree that even when the Egyptian pyramids did not … Read more

Aurangzeb Alamgir: Did the Mughal emperor who ruled India for 50 years really hate Hindus?

Aurangzeb is one of the most unpopular rulers in Indian history. He was a staunch Islamic ruler and he destroyed many Hindu temples and built mosques. Apart from this, he behaved very inhumanly with the Hindus. Today in this article we will test the veracity of these allegations Aurangzeb Alamgir: Did the Mughal emperor who ruled India for 50 years really hate Hindus? Must read the article till the end.

Aurangzeb Alamgir: Did the Mughal emperor who ruled India for 50 years really hate Hindus?

Aurangzeb Alamgir-early life

Aurangzeb, the most controversial ruler of the Mughal dynasty and Indian history, was born on 3 November 1618 in Dahod, Gujarat. He was the sixth child and third son of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan was the governor of Gujarat at the time of his birth.

NameAurangzeb Alamgir
Full NameAbul Muzaffar Muhammad Mohiuddin Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir Badshah Ghazi
Birth3 November 1618
Birth placeDahod Gujarat India
Father's nameShah jahan
Mother's nameMumtaz
LinageMughal dynasty
ReligionSunni islam
Reign31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707
Wives namesDilras Bano Begum, Begum Nawabbai, Aurangabadi Mahal Begum, Udaipuri Mahal.
Names of sonsMohammad Sultan, Bahadur Shah, Mohammad Azam Shah, Mohammad Kambakhsultan Mohammad Akbar
Daughters namesZeb-un-Nisa, Zeenat-un-Nisa, Badr-un-Nisa, Zubdat-un-Nisa, Mehr-un-Nisa
Coronation13 June 1659 in Shalimar Bagh
DeathMarch 3, 1707
Age at death(age 88)
MausoleumAurangzeb's Tomb, Khuldabad Aurangabad Maharashtra, India
ArticleMedieval India

In June 1626, as a result of Shah Jahan’s failed rebellion, Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shikoh were imprisoned by Nur Jahan at their grandfather Jahangir’s court in Lahore.

When Shah Jahan was proclaimed Mughal emperor on 26 February 1628, Aurangzeb returned to live with his parents at Agra Fort. It was here that Aurangzeb received formal education in Arabic and Persian.

It was Aurangzeb during whose reign the Mughal Empire reached its zenith. He was probably the richest and most powerful man of his time. During his lifetime, through conquests in some of the kingdoms of South India, the Mughal Empire covered twelve and a half million square miles and ruled over 150 million people, a quarter of the world’s population.

Aurangzeb was a devout Muslim and imposed a Sharia-based Fatwa-i-Alamgiri on the entire empire and imposed a high tax called Jizya on non-Muslims for a long time. He was not the first Muslim ruler to impose Sharia on non-Muslim subjects. He killed Guru Tegh Bahadur of the Sikhs for not accepting Islam and destroyed many temples and built mosques in place of temples.

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Poona Pact: Significance and History, Terms

The Communal Award was opposed by Mahatma Gandhi and many other leaders of the Indian National Congress, who believed that it would divide Indian society along communal lines and weaken the nationalist movement. However, the proposal was supported by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and other Dalit leaders, who saw it as a means of ensuring political … Read more

Mahatma Gandhi Biography: Birth, Family, Education, Movement, Murder, Legacy and Priceless Thoughts

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who is best known for his leadership role in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. He was a major figure in the nonviolent civil disobedience movement and advocated for the principles of truth, nonviolence, and love. Today in this blog we will discuss the ‘biography of Mahatma Gandhi’ and his contribution to the freedom movement.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography: Birth, Family, Education, Movement, Murder, Legacy and Priceless Thoughts-Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) was an Indian lawyer, politician, and activist who is best known for his leadership role in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule.

Mahatma Gandhi Biography

Gandhi was born in Porbandar (2 October 1869), Gujarat, India, and after studying law in London, he returned to India to practice law. However, he became increasingly involved in political activism, particularly in the Indian National Congress, and led various nonviolent campaigns and protests against British rule.

Gandhi is also known for his philosophy of Satyagraha, which means “truth force” or “soul force.” He believed that nonviolent resistance could be a powerful tool for social and political change and inspired similar movements around the world.

Mahatma Gandhi Biograph-Family of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born into a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a prominent local politician and served as the Diwan or chief minister of Porbandar. Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai Gandhi, was a deeply religious woman who instilled in her son a lifelong commitment to truth and morality.

Gandhi was married to Kasturba Gandhi, also known as Ba, in 1883 when he was just 13 years old. The two had an arranged marriage, which was common in India at the time. Kasturba played a significant role in Gandhi’s life and activism, supporting him in his political campaigns and social work. They had four sons together: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas.

Throughout his life, Gandhi remained closely connected to his family, even as he traveled extensively and devoted himself to his work as a social and political activist. His relationship with Kasturba was especially close, and the two remained together until her death in 1944. Gandhi’s family also played a role in his activism, with several of his sons and grandchildren becoming involved in the Indian independence movement and carrying on his legacy of nonviolent resistance and social justice.

Gandhi was assassinated in 1948 by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist who disagreed with Gandhi’s views on partition and his advocacy for Hindu-Muslim unity. Nevertheless, Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire people around the world to strive for peace, justice, and equality through nonviolent means.

Education of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was a highly educated person who dedicated his life to the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule. He studied law in London, England, and was admitted to the Inner Temple, one of the four prestigious Inns of Court in London.

Gandhi’s formal education began in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, where he was born on October 2, 1869. He later attended high school in Rajkot, also in Gujarat. After completing his secondary education, he went to London to study law. Gandhi was a diligent student and excelled in his studies.

In addition to his formal education, Gandhi was greatly influenced by his mother, who instilled in him a deep love of religion and spirituality. He was also influenced by the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, a Hindu scripture, and other religious texts.

Throughout his life, Gandhi continued to educate himself, reading widely and studying various religious and philosophical traditions. He also developed a deep understanding of human nature and social dynamics through his experiences working as a lawyer in South Africa and leading the Indian independence movement.

When did Mahatma Gandhi go to south africa

Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa in 1893. At the time, he was a young lawyer who had recently passed the bar exam in London and had been invited to South Africa to represent an Indian businessman. However, Gandhi’s experiences in South Africa would have a profound impact on his life and work.

While in South Africa, Gandhi witnessed and experienced firsthand the discrimination and injustices faced by the Indian community, who were treated as second-class citizens by the British colonial authorities. He became involved in the struggle for Indian rights and eventually developed his philosophy of Satyagraha (truth force) and nonviolent resistance, which he would later apply to the Indian independence movement.

Gandhi spent over 20 years in South Africa, during which time he became a prominent leader of the Indian community and a leading advocate for civil rights and social justice. His experiences in South Africa shaped his worldview and laid the foundation for his later work as a social and political activist in India.

When did Mahatma Gandhi return from South Africa?

Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915. After spending more than two decades in South Africa, during which he became a prominent leader and advocate for Indian rights, Gandhi felt that his work there was largely done. He returned to India with a wealth of experience and a deep commitment to social justice and political activism.

Upon his return to India, Gandhi emerged as a major political figure and soon became the leader of the Indian National Congress, a political party that was fighting for India’s independence from British colonial rule. Gandhi’s leadership and his philosophy of nonviolent resistance, which he had developed during his time in South Africa, became central to the Indian independence movement.

Gandhi continued to work tirelessly for Indian independence, leading numerous nonviolent protests and civil disobedience campaigns against British rule. His efforts ultimately paid off, and India gained independence from Britain in 1947. Gandhi’s legacy as a social and political leader and his commitment to nonviolent resistance continue to inspire people around the world to this day.

Champaran Rebellion and Mahatma Gandhi

The Champaran Rebellion was a peasant uprising that occurred in Champaran, Bihar, India, in 1917. The rebellion was sparked by the exploitation of indigo farmers by British landlords who forced them to grow indigo on a portion of their land and sell it to them at a fixed price. The farmers were left with little land to grow crops for their own sustenance, and they were forced to buy food at exorbitant prices.

Mahatma Gandhi, who had recently returned to India from South Africa, was invited to Champaran by local leaders to investigate the situation and provide guidance. Gandhi arrived in Champaran in 1917 and launched a nonviolent campaign to support the farmers. He called for a boycott of British goods and organized peaceful protests and strikes.

Gandhi’s efforts brought national attention to the issue, and the British government was forced to take notice. In response, they appointed a commission to investigate the situation in Champaran. The commission’s report confirmed the exploitation of the farmers and recommended that the British landlords be held accountable for their actions.

The Champaran Rebellion was a significant turning point in Gandhi’s political career and his development of the philosophy of nonviolent resistance. The success of his nonviolent campaign in Champaran demonstrated the power of peaceful resistance in bringing about change, and it became a model for his future struggles against British rule in India.

Kheda Movement and Mahatma Gandhi

The Kheda Movement was a peasant uprising that occurred in the Kheda district of Gujarat, India, in 1918. The movement was sparked by the British government’s decision to raise the land tax in the district, despite the fact that the area had been hit by crop failure and drought.

Mahatma Gandhi, who was a leader of the Indian National Congress at the time, was invited to Kheda to support the farmers and lead the movement. Gandhi called for a nonviolent campaign of civil disobedience, including a refusal to pay the increased taxes and a boycott of British goods.

The British government responded to the movement with repression, arresting Gandhi and other leaders and using force to disperse the protesters. However, Gandhi’s nonviolent tactics and his emphasis on self-sacrifice and non-cooperation attracted widespread attention and support, both within India and internationally.

The Kheda Movement ultimately proved successful, as the British government was forced to negotiate with the farmers and reduce the tax rate. The movement also further solidified Gandhi’s reputation as a leader of India’s struggle for independence and as a pioneer of nonviolent resistance.

The Kheda Movement was a significant milestone in Gandhi’s career and in the Indian independence movement as a whole. It demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance in bringing about change and galvanized support for India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

Ahmedabad Mill Movement and Mahatma Gandhi

The Ahmedabad Mill Strike, also known as the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association (TLA) Strike, was a labor strike that occurred in Ahmedabad, India in 1918. The strike was led by the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association, which was founded by Mahatma Gandhi and other labor leaders.

The textile workers were demanding better wages, improved working conditions, and an end to the oppressive management practices of the mill owners. Gandhi, who was a strong advocate for workers’ rights, supported the strike and urged the workers to use nonviolent resistance to achieve their demands.

Under Gandhi’s leadership, the strikers refused to return to work until their demands were met, and they organized peaceful protests and rallies to raise awareness about their cause. The mill owners responded with violence and repression, including the arrest of Gandhi and other leaders.

Despite the obstacles, the Ahmedabad Mill Strike ultimately proved successful. The mill owners were forced to concede to the workers’ demands, and the strike became a model for labor movements throughout India.

The Ahmedabad Mill Movement was significant for both Gandhi and the Indian independence movement, as it demonstrated the power of nonviolent resistance in achieving social and economic justice. It also helped to raise awareness about workers’ rights and contributed to the growth of the labor movement in India.

When did Mahatma Gandhi join Congress?

Mahatma Gandhi officially joined the Indian National Congress party in 1915, soon after his return from South Africa where he had spent over 20 years fighting for the rights of Indian immigrants. Upon his return to India, Gandhi was quickly recognized as a leader and was asked to participate in the Indian nationalist movement.

Gandhi initially worked with Congress on several issues, such as the fight for Swaraj or self-rule, which led to his formal inclusion in the party in 1915. His philosophy of nonviolent resistance, which he had developed during his time in South Africa, became central to the Congress party’s ideology and a guiding principle in their struggle for Indian independence from British colonial rule.

Gandhi’s leadership and activism within Congress were crucial in shaping the Indian independence movement, and he quickly became a prominent figure within the party. Throughout his life, he worked tirelessly to further the cause of Indian independence, leading numerous nonviolent protests and civil disobedience campaigns against British rule, and his contributions to the Indian freedom struggle remain an inspiration to people around the world.

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Status of Women in Modern India: From the British Era to the Present

Even though women are enjoying equal rights and opportunities in India today, this situation was just a dream till ancient and medieval times. Today in this article we will study the status of women in India. In this article, you will get useful information about how the status of women has changed. Status of Women … Read more

March 16 in India and World History: Important Days, Famous Birthdays, and Events of March 16

See below the major events on March 16 in India and World History. Looking for information about the special day of March 16? If yes, then you are in the right place. Today on this special day of 16th March in India and world history, the birthdays and death anniversaries of various famous people come. … Read more

Mahatma Buddha biography: Birthplace Real Name, Renunciation, First Sermon, Teachings, Death and Doctrine

The truth that Mahatma Buddha discovered is relevant even today. Buddha never said that he saw or knew God. He said that he only knew the cycle of life. He has found the truth. Disappointed with the increasing rituals in Brahminism, Buddha founded a new sect called Buddhism. It became so famous that crossing the borders of India, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, etc. became the state religion of Asian countries. In this article we will study the life of Mahatma Buddha on a historical basis, obviously, the article will be detailed. Mahatma Buddha

Mahatma Buddha biography

Mahatma Buddha biography:Birthplace Real Name, Renunciation, First Sermon, Teachings, Death and Doctrine

Mahatma Buddha (563-483 BC) biography

NameMahatma Buddha
Real nameSiddharth
OtherShakyamuni, Buddha
Born563 BC
BirthplaceKapilvastu (located in present-day Nepal)
Father's NameShuddhodhan
Mother's nameMahamaya
Step MotherMahaprajapati Gautami
Wife's NameYashodhara
Son nameRahul
Cousin's NameDevdutt
Home renunciationat the age of 29 (Mahabhinishkaman)
Buddha's First GuruAlar Kalam
EnlightenedAt the age of 35 on the day of Buddha Purnima
First sermonSarnath Varanasi (Dharma Chakra Pravartan)
Dear disciplesAnanda and Upali
PatronBimbisara, Ajatashatru
Died483 BC (80 Year Age)
Death placeKushinagar (Kusinara) Malla Republic
Cause of deathfood poisoning
Most sacred bookTripitaka
Tales of previous birthsJataka
A compilation of Buddha's teachingsSutta Pitaka

Some historical facts related to Mahatma Buddha

Buddha, the “enlightened” in Sanskrit a clan name (Sanskrit) Gautama or (Pali) Gautama, personal name (Sanskrit) Siddhartha or (Pali) Siddhartha, his birth (563 BC) BC, Lumbini, Kapilavastu (present-day Nepal located in), Sakya republic, Kosala kingdom [now in Nepal].

He died, in 483 BCE in Kusinara, Malla Republic, Magadha Empire [now Kasia Tehsil Bihar, India]), Buddhism Siddhartha founded the religion called Buddhism. Buddha was more than a religious teacher but also a social reformer.

His followers, called Buddhists, propagated the religion that is known today as Buddhism. The title Buddha was used by many religious groups in ancient India and had many meanings, but it was most strongly associated with the tradition of Buddhism and meant an enlightened (enlightened) being who had overcome the slumber of ignorance. He was awakened from the darkness, the knower of the true knowledge of life, and attained freedom from suffering.

According to various traditions of Buddhism, there have been Buddhas in previous lives as well and there will be Buddhas in the future as well. Some schools of Buddhism hold that there is only one Buddha for each historical era; Others believe that all beings will eventually become Buddhas because they have Buddha nature (Tathagatagarbha).

Also ReadMahatma Buddha and the Eightfold Path

All forms of Buddhism celebrate various events in the life of the Buddha Gautama, including his birth, enlightenment, and passage into nirvana. In some countries, the three events are celebrated on the same day, which is called Vesak in Southeast Asia.

In other regions, the festivals are held on different days and involve a variety of rituals and practices. In these countries, Buddha’s birthday is celebrated in April or May depending on the lunar date.

“In Japan, which does not use a lunar calendar, the birth of the Buddha is celebrated on April 8. The celebration there has been merged with a native Shinto ceremony at the flower festival known as Hanamatsuri.”

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Biography of Ashoka the Great: Birth, Tenure, Religion, Empire, Conquest and Fall

Ashoka the Great (reigned 268–232 BCE), the third of the Maurya dynasty, was the greatest king of the Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), known for his renunciation of war, the development of the concept of Dhamma (ethical social conduct), and the spread of Buddhism at home and abroad. He was known for promoting. as well as their vastly influential empire as an almost all-India political entity.



Biography of Ashoka the Great: Birth, Tenure, Religion, Empire, Conquest and Fall


Biography of Ashoka the Great

At its height, under Ashoka, the Mauryan Empire extended from modern Iran to almost the entire Indian subcontinent. Ashoka was able to rule this vast empire initially through the teachings of a political treatise known as the Arthashastra, attributed to Prime Minister Chanakya (also known by two other names, Kautilya and Vishnugupta, 350–275 BCE) who served under Ashoka’s grandfather Chandragupta Maurya (r.c. 321 – c.297 BCE) who founded the vast Maurya Empire.

Ashoka name meaning

Ashoka means “one without sorrow” which was probably his given name. He is referred to in his inscriptions, which are carved in stone, as Devanampiya Piyadassi, which according to the scholar John Kaye (and agrees with the scholarly consensus) means “Beloved of the Gods” and “Graceful of Pisces”. “.

He is said to have been very cruelly bloodthirsty early in his reign until he launched a campaign against the Kalinga kingdom in 261 BCE, which resulted in such carnage, destruction, and death that Ashoka called the war Abandoned Niti forever and, over time, converted to Buddhism, devoting himself to peace, as exemplified in his concept of Dhamma.

Outside of his orders, much of what is known about him comes from Buddhist texts, which regard him as an exemplar of transformation and virtuous behavior.

The empire that he and his family built was destroyed only 50 years after his death. Although he was the greatest of kings of one of the largest and most powerful empires in ancient Indian history, his name was lost to history until he was identified in 1837 CE by the British scholar and orientalist James Prinsep (1799–1840 CE). was not done.

head 1 head 2
Name Emperor Ashoka
Birth 304 BC
Father’s name Bindusara
Mother’s name Subhadrangi
Grandfather’s Name Chandragupta Maurya 321 – c.297 BCE
Wife’s name Karuvaki and Vidisha-Mahadevi
Brother Susim and Vitashoka
Lineage Maurya dynasty
Capital Patiliputra
Reign 273 – 232 BCE
Coronation 269 BC
Major war Kalinga war 261 BC
Children Son Mahindra and daughter Sanghamitra
Death 232 BC
Previous Bindusara
Successor Samprati
Religion Bodha

Since then, Ashoka has been regarded as one of the most fascinating ancient kings for his decision to renounce warfare, his insistence on religious tolerance, and his peace efforts to establish Buddhism as a major world religion.

Early life and rise to power of Ashoka the Great

Although Ashoka’s name also appears in the Puranas (encyclopedic literature of India dealing with kings, heroes, legends, and deities), his name appears as Ashoka Vardhana, but there is a paucity of information about his life. The accounts of his youth, rise to power, and renunciation of violence after the Kalinga campaign comes from Buddhist sources, which are in many ways considered more historical works and more religious legends.

when was Ashoka born?

Ashoka was born in 304 CE in Pataliputra, and is said to have been one of the hundred sons of his father Bindusara (ruled 297–c. 273 BCE) by his wives. His mother’s name is given as Subhadrangi in one place but as Dharma in another. She is also portrayed as the daughter of a Brahmin (highest caste) and the principal wife of Bindusara in some texts, while in others as a woman of low status and a minor wife.

The story of Bindusara’s 100 sons is rejected by most scholars, who believe that Ashoka was the second of the four sons. His elder brother, Susim, was heir apparent and crown prince, and Ashoka’s chances of rising to power were slim and even impossible because his father disliked him.

  Description of Ashoka’s qualification

He was highly educated at court, trained in martial arts, and of course, he was instructed in the precepts of the arts—though he was not considered a worthy candidate for the throne—just as one of the royal sons.

Arthashastra is a treatise that covers many different topics related to society, but primarily it is a manual on political science that provides instructions on how to govern effectively. This is attributed to Chanakya, Chandragupta’s prime minister, who selected and trained Chandragupta to become the king. When Chandragupta abdicated in favor of Bindusara, the latter is said to have been trained in economics and so, almost certainly, would have been his son.

Ashoka’s reign as crown prince

When Ashoka was around the age of 18, he was sent from
Pataliputra to Takshashila (Takshashila) to quell a rebellion. According to a legend, Bindusara gave his son an army but no weapons; The weapons were later provided by supernatural means.

The same legend claims that Ashoka showed mercy to those who laid down their arms upon his arrival. No historical account of Ashoka’s campaign in Taxila has survived; This is accepted as a historical fact based on suggestions from inscriptions and place names but the details are unknown.

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