Born: January 5, 1955 (age 67) Kolkata India
Founder: Trinamool Congress Party
Political Affiliation: Trinamool Congress Party
Early Biography of Mamta Banerjee
Mamta Banerjee was born on January 5, 1955, in Calcutta [now Kolkata], West Bengal, India. She is a famous Indian politician, legislator, and bureaucrat who served as the first female Chief Minister (head of government) of West Bengal state, India (2011). She is currently also the Chief Minister of West Bengal
Banerjee grew up in a lower-middle-class Bengali Brahmin Hindu family in South Calcutta (now Kolkata). her father’s name was Promileshwar Banerjee and her mother’s name was Gayatri Devi. Mamta Banerjee’s father, Promileswar, died due to a lack of medical treatment when she was 9 years old at the time. His father had been a freedom fighter.
Mamta Banerjee’s Educational Life
In 1970, Banerjee passed the Higher Secondary Board Examination from Deshbandhu Shishu Shikshaalaya. Mamta Banerjee, who started her political career at a very young age, had a very struggling early life. When she was only nine years old, her father lost her head after which Mamta raised her six brothers and family by selling milk. Ms. Banerjee holds a Bachelor’s degree in Arts (BA), Education (B.Ed), Law (LLB), and a Masters’s degree in Arts (MA).
Ms. Banerjee was inducted into the West Bengal Student Council while a student of Jogmaya Devi College and served as a member of its working committee during 1977–83.
Political Journey of Mamta Banerjee
While she was studying at Jogmaya Devi College, she founded the student wing of the Congress (I) party, the Student Council Unions, defeating the All India Democratic Students Organization affiliated to the Socialist Unity Centre. India (Communist). She remained in the Congress (I) party in West Bengal, holding various positions within the party and in other local political organizations.
Mamta continued her college studies even in difficult circumstances. She eventually earned several degrees, including a Bachelor of Laws and a Master of Arts from the University of Calcutta. She became involved in politics while still in school, joined the Congress (I) party in West Bengal, and held various positions within the party and in other local political organizations. She was first elected to the lower house of the national parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1984 as a representative from her home district in South Kolkata. She lost that seat in the 1989 parliamentary elections, but won it again in the 1991 election. She returned to her office after winning the 2009 elections.
Mamata Banerjee’s tenure as MP and Railway Minister
In Parliament, Mamata Banerjee proved many administrative abilities both within the party and in the union (national) government, including three cabinet-level ministerial posts: Railways (1999–2001 and 2009–11), Without Portfolio (2003). -04), and Coal and Mines (2004). Although she was a rising star at the national level, Banerjee also maintained strong ties to her home state of West Bengal. She was known to her followers as Didi (“Older Sister”) and held herself, dear, to them while maintaining her identity with her humble roots – she wore simple cotton saris and was still in her mother’s house. – and never hesitated to express her opinion frankly. She was particularly vocal against the communists, who were in power in West Bengal since 1977.
By the late 1990s, Banerjee was disillusioned with what she saw as a corrupt Congress party. In West Bengal, she wanted to confront the ruling Communist Party of India (Marxist; CPI-M) more directly, and in 1997 she founded the All India Trinamool (or Trinamool) Congress (AITC). The new party had limited success in the 1998 and 1999 national parliamentary elections but lost almost all seats in the 2004 election. In 2001 the AITC challenged the CPI-M in the State Legislative Assembly elections.
In December 2006, Banerjee went on a 25-day hunger strike to protest the West Bengal government’s attempt to forcibly acquire land from farmers to build an automobile factory (by Tata) in the state. The issue became a catalyst for the party and Banerjee’s return from political obscurity, and Banerjee used it as a means to garner a growing number of supporters in West Bengal. The AITC had a strong performance in the 2009 national parliamentary elections and joined the Congress party’s ruling coalition as the second-largest faction.
However, Banerjee’s eyes were fixed on the 2011 state parliamentary elections and the real possibility of ousting the Communists from power. Her popularity grew over the next two years as she campaigned against the land acquisition plan and supported human rights and the protection of women and children. In the 2011 elections, the AITC captured more than three-fifths of seats in the state legislature, ending more than three decades of communist rule. Banerjee took an oath as the chief minister on May 20.
In addition to his political activity, Banerjee wrote profusely in both English and Bengali. She published more than two dozen books, including non-fiction works, such as Struggle for Existence (1998) and The Slaughter of Democracy (2006) and a volume of poetry.
Political Journey at a Glance
In 1984, she was elected as Member of Parliament from Jadavpur Constituency and held the position of General Secretary of Youth Congress (Indira) and in 1987 became Member of National Council and Member of Executive Committee of Congress Parliamentary. party in 1988
She was re-elected as a Member of Parliament from the South Kolkata Parliamentary Constituency in 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, and 2009, making her one of the most experienced Parliamentarians in India.
- In 1991 she was appointed as the Minister of State for Youth and Sports, Women and Child Development, Government of India.
- She was appointed Minister of Railways and Cabinet Minister of the Government of India in 1999.
- For Coal and Mines in 2004. In 2009, she was reappointed as the Minister of Railways.
- In 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress registered a historic victory to end the 34-year-old rule. On 20 May, she become first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal.
Despite her very busy work schedule, he has written over twenty books and produced over 5000 oil paintings, some of which have been auctioned. She has donated the auction proceeds to various development and social causes.
Ms. Banerjee is also an accomplished poetess. Her writings are in Bengali and English.
Mamata Banerjee’s tenure as Chief Minister
Chief Minister of West Bengal
In 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress along with SUCI and INC won 227 seats against the incumbent Left alliance in the West Bengal Assembly elections. TMC won 184 seats, INC won 42 seats and SUCI won one seat. It marked the end of the longest-ruling democratically elected Communist Party in the world.
Mamata Banerjee took the oath of office on 20 May 2011 as Chief Minister administered by Governor MK Narayanan.
Banerjee took oath as the Chief Minister of West Bengal on 20 May 2011. As the first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal, her first decision was to return 400 acres of land to the farmers of Singur.
Set up your factory in the remaining 600 acres, otherwise, we will see how it is run.”
She introduced various reforms in the education and health sectors. Some of the reforms in the field of education include the release of monthly payment of teachers on the first of every month and early pension for retired teachers.
She was also instrumental in rolling back the hike in petrol prices and suspending FDI in retail till a consensus is reached. Police Commissioners were made in Howrah, Barrackpore, Durgapur-Asansol, and Bidhannagar to improve the law and enforcement situation in West Bengal. The total area of Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been taken under the control of Kolkata Police.
Banerjee had shown keen interest in making the public aware of the history and culture of the state. She named several stations of the Kolkata Metro after freedom fighters and planned to name the upcoming stations after religious leaders, poets, singers, and so on. Mamata Banerjee has been criticized for introducing controversial stipends to Imams (Iman Bhatta), which was declared unconstitutional by the Calcutta High Court.
On 16 February 2012, Bill Gates of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation sent a letter to the West Bengal government praising Banerjee and her.
In June 2012, she launched a Facebook page to rally and garner public support for APJ Abdul Kalam, her party’s choice for the presidential election. When she declined to stand for a second time, she supported Pranab Mukherjee for the position, after a prolonged struggle over the issue, remarking that she was personally a “great admirer” of Mukherjee and wanted She wanted to “move from strength to strength”.
Her tenure was also marred by the harsh interrogation of Madan Mitra – a former minister in his cabinet, Kunal Ghosh – a party MP, and several party men in important positions – in the Saradha scam – financial embezzlement.
The second term, 2016-2021
In the 2016 assembly elections, with the All India Trinamool Congress winning a two-thirds majority, Mamata Banerjee won 211 seats out of a total of 293, who was elected Chief Minister of West Bengal for a second term. The All India Trinamool Congress won a majority by contesting the elections alone and became the first ruling party in West Bengal to win without an ally since 1962.
In 2017, Kanyashree, a scheme launched by her government, was ranked by the United Nations as the best among 552 social sector schemes from 62 countries.
The third term, 2021–present
In the 2021 assembly elections, AITC won with a two-thirds majority. But, Mamata Banerjee, who contested from Nandigram, lost to Suvendu Adhikari of the Bharatiya Janata Party by 1,956 votes. Mamata Banerjee, however, challenged this result and the matter is sub-judice. Since her party won 213 seats out of a total of 292, she was elected as the Chief Minister of West Bengal for a third term. Later at Raj Bhavan, she submitted her resignation to Jagdeep Dhankhar. She took oath as the Chief Minister on 5 May 2021. Her party later won the remaining 2 seats and she herself won the Bhabnipur by-election by a huge margin of 58,835 votes. She took oath as an MLA on 7 October.