Russia is a country located in the European continent with Moscow as its capital. Russian is the main and official language of Russia. There are many beautiful and fascinating places to visit in Russia. Russia is the largest country in the world in terms of area, which is more than five times that of India. Despite being such a huge country, the population of Russia is in seventh place in the world, due to which the population density of Russia is one of the lowest in the world.
Russia is the largest country in the world with 1,70,75,400 km2. Most of the population of Russia is settled in its European part. Russia shares borders with 14 countries – Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea.
Russia’s capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world, the main urban areas in the country include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Samara. Being such a large country, Russia also has many types of departments. Russia has constituent divisions such as republics, autonomous regions, central cities, and autonomous districts. If they are called joint territories, then Russia has 83 territories – 46 provinces, 21 republics (partly autonomous), 9 autonomous principalities, 4 autonomous districts, 1 autonomous province, and 2 unionized cities – Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Russia’s economy is the 12th largest by GDP rate and the 6th largest by purchasing power parity. Russia is also rich in minerals and energy sources, making it a major producer of oil and natural gas. Also, this country is one of the five main nuclear power countries, which has a huge stock of weapons.
Russia is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as well as the G20, Council of Europe, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). and the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) consisting of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan.
history of Russia
The modern Russian people are linked to the history of Slavic origins who came from the north and west. However, before this, the empire of the Yavanas (Hellenic) and the Khazar Turks lived in southern Russia. Although there are peoples of many origins living in Russia today – Russians, Khazars, Tatars, Poles, Kazakhs, Cossacks – the history of peoples of Russian origin dates back to the time of the Eastern Slavs. The Slavic Empire was at its peak from the 3rd to the 8th century. His empire established in Kyiv is considered to be the successor of today’s Russian people. The Kiwi Russians accepted Christianity in the 10th century. In the thirteenth century, due to the invasion of the Mongols, the empire of the Kiwi Rus was disintegrated. But after the thirteenth century, as the power of the Mongols waned in the West, Russia also became independent. Until this time Russia was confined only to Europe – that is, west of the Ural Mountains.
In 1380, Dmitry established the Russian Empire in Moscow, which can be called the cornerstone of modern Russia. Then came the rule of the Tsars – during this period the Russian Empire became powerful in Europe and towards the East. In 1721, Russia was again established as an empire that gradually took a colonial form. Although scientific discoveries were made in Western Europe, Russia expanded to the east through the efforts of Peter the Great and other rulers.
After subjugating the Mongols of North China, the Russian army reached the shores of Japan, and since then the Russian Empire has become so vast. After that, the Russian Empire further developed. Although it remained scientifically backward, the empire remained stable as it continued to win wars against Napoleon (1812), Iran (nineteenth century), and Turkey (1854). In the nineteenth century, the situation of literature and machinery also improved greatly, but Russia remained technologically backward from Western Europe.
After its renaissance in 1905, ambitious Japan defeated Russia in a battle. This created resentment in the minds of the people of Russia towards the ruler, that is, the Tsar. In 1917, the Bolshevik Revolution took place here, due to which communist rule was established. By the time of World War II, the Russian Empire had spread to Central Asia. After defeating Germany in the war, Russia became increasingly dominant in Russian power and international politics. Due to the unprecedented progress made in the field of communist policy, agriculture and space, and machinery, Russia came to be a major power over the world’s technical and economic circle. America was another competing power, leading to a technical and arms race. After several years of unarmed Cold War, the Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991 and Russia became its successor country. It has since been ruled by a democratic government and has become slightly less important economically and politically.
Russia became the largest communist country in the world after the First World War and Russia became a social and political power after the Second World War. After breaking away from the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia today struggles to regain the same powerful status that once belonged to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Russia has been striving to become a democratic political system and a capitalist economy from the very beginning.
Some important things related to the Russian Revolution
(1) The term socialist was first used by Robert Owen.
(2) Robert Owen is considered to be the spokesman of idealistic socialism.
(3) The founder of scientific socialism was Karl Marx (Germany).
(4) The book Das Capital and the Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx.
(5) Saint Simon is considered the father of French communism.
(6) Fabian socialism was led by George Bernard Shaw.
(7) Fabian Society was established in London in 1884 AD.
(8) Karl Marx gave this slogan to the workers of the world.
(9) The ruler of Russia was called a Tsar.
(10) The monarchy system ended in 1917 AD.
(11) Alexander II is considered by the name of Tsar the Savior.
(12) The last Tsar of Russia was Tsar Nicholas II.
(13) The revolution of Russia took place in 1917 AD.
(14) The immediate cause of the 1917 revolution was the defeat of Russia in the First World War.
(15) The revolution of the Bolsheviks took place on 7 November 1917 AD.
(16) Lenin was the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution.
(17) Lenin organized the Cheka.
(18) Trotsky organized the Red Army.
(19) The slogan of one jar, one church, and Russia was given by Tsar Nicholas II.
(20) Russia’s Tsar ruler Alex Xander II was assassinated by a bomb blast.
(21) The largest population in Russia was the Slavs.
(22) The author of Anna Karenina was Leo Tolstoy.
(23) Turgenev is considered the father of nihilism.
(24) Plekhanova is considered the father of Russian communism.
(25) Social Democratic Party was established in Russia in 1903 AD.
(26) Lenin on 16 April 1917 in Russia. Published the revolutionary plan in
(27) This plan came to be known as the April thesis.
(28) New economic policy in Russia was implemented by Lenin in 1921 AD.
(29) Stalin is considered the creator of modern Russia.
(30) Lenin died in 1924 AD.
(31) The author of the Rights of Man is Thomas Paine.
(32) Mother was composed by Maxim Gorky.
(33) Trotsky was the originator of the theory of permanent revolution.
(34) Lenin’s slogan during the First World War was to end the war.
(35) Karl Marx’s life partner was Friedrich Engels.
FAQ about Russia
1) What country is Russia?
Russia is one of the most beautiful countries in the world. There are many famous places here to visit. It is the largest country in the world by size, meaning it is more than five times that of India. Talking about the same population, it is the seventh-largest country in the world. Its capital is Moscow. Russian is the main and official language of Russia.
2). USSR Full Form
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), also known as the Soviet Union, was a socialist state consisting of Russia and several surrounding countries in Asia and Europe from 1922 to 1991. Was. The USSR was a federation of 15 socialist republics: Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia.
3). Why Soviet Union Collapse
Liberalization and democratization led to a crisis in the system and the collapse of the Soviet Union. During World War II the United States, Britain, and Russia fought side by side against the Axis powers – Germany, Italy, and Japan. But as soon as the war ended, sharp differences began to arise between Britain and the United States on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other. The Soviet Union, whose formal name was the Federation of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a country spread over a large area of Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1992 and was ruled by the Communist Party.
4). India Russia relations
India and Russia have had good relations since 1947. Russia had assisted India in achieving its goal of economic self-reliance through investments in the areas of heavy machine-building, mining, power generation, and steel plants. India is diversifying its defense procurement as a result of which other partners like the USA, Israel, and France have joined it. This process has also affected the relations between India and Russia. Apart from this, Russia’s inclination is also increasing towards Pakistan. Russia is also starting military exercises and defense trade with Pakistan. Due to this, there is a rift in the relations of both the countries.